Dr. Azita Hengameh Nazari
Social Egg Freezing Attitudes among Legal Age U.S. Women
The reproductive lifespan of women is limited by their biological clock. The quantity and quality of women’s eggs diminishes with age, with rapid decline beginning in the late thirties. For women who prefer to delay motherhood, egg freezing technology provides an opportunity to extend fertility by freezing and storing unfertilized eggs. The purpose of this quantitative, descriptive study was to assess attitudes toward the phenomenon called social egg freezing. A survey was performed in the United States, and only legal age women (≥21 years old) were questioned on views with respect to freezing eggs for non-medical reasons, factors that could affect their decisions, and their awareness about reproductive aging and fertility. Reproductive age women were separately questioned on their willingness to freeze eggs based on the desire for children and their preferred age of motherhood. The electronic questionnaire was completed by 59 women. The results indicated that 28.9% of the participants categorized themselves as potential social egg freezers, of which 13.6 % would definitely consider freezing their eggs. Conversely, 50.8% of the participants considered themselves as non-freezers, while 20.3% had no opinion. Factors such as the desire for a child, the preferred age of motherhood, the health safety of the children, and speaking with women who had undergone in vitro fertilization treatment had significant influence on participants’ decisions as potential freezers. The results suggest that freezing eggs for social reasons is ideal for a significant proportion of women. Therefore, it should be considered as a treatment option for women who would like to preserve their fertility. However, women should increase their knowledge of reproductive aging and fertility so they can make informed reproductive decisions.
Keywords: egg freezing technology; social egg freezing; survey; attitudes; infertility; aging
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