Things to know about Hamedan/Hegmatane


Things to know about Hamedan with the historical name of Hegmatane


One of the oldest provinces of Iran is Hamedan province, which due to its long and long history has many historical and cultural attractions. This province contains many secrets and you probably have never heard of some of these things of Hamedan.

* Hamedan province is one of the largest cities of Iran and one of the capital cities of our country and it is a mountainous region located in the west of Iran. The center of Hamedan province is called Hamedan.
* This province is so old and historical that, according to observations and evidence that archaeologists have obtained in this province, it has been determined that humans have lived in this province since 3,000 years ago. Also one of the other things to know about Hamedan is that the first structure built in Hamedan belongs to someone.
One of the Kings of Mud was named Diaco.
* In several different time periods, the city of Hamedan has been the capital of Iran, for example, in the Hekhamenshian period and… Until the Sasanian era.
During the time of Madha, Hamedan was the center of this government. After the extinction of the females, Hamedan was no longer as centralized as before, but it was still special as one of the three capitals of the Hekhamenshian regime. In the flow and the Kavah that has become in this historical region of Iran, a lot of historical objects such as golden plates have been acquired, and also inscriptions of other things that have been acquired in Hamedan, which shows the collection of all these. It’s a matter of importance that this city has had at that time.
* Hamedan has had different names in different historical periods, for example, it is said that in the pre-Maddha era it was called “tile work”, which meant the residence of the Kas tribe. Or in another period, the city was named “Amadaneh”, meaning where females live. But in the meantime, one of the most famous names that we all know and have heard from Hamedan is the meaning of that gathering place. Gradually, these names were changed to Hamedan.
*The geographical location of Hamedan is generally in a way that it has cold weather and as mentioned above Hamedan is a mountainous region and that’s why it has snowy, cold winters and mild summers. In summer the average temperature is about 30 degrees and in winter the temperature is about 2 degrees Celsius.
*The height of Hamedan is 1820 meters above sea level and Elvand Peak is also the highest point in this province.
Currently, the city of Hamedan has a population of about 600,000 people and in this opinion it is the fourteenth most populous city in Iran and is still considered to be one of the capital cities of Iran.
*As mentioned above, the vast history of this province has made it possible to find many cultural and historical monuments there. Among the historical monuments of Hamedan, for example, the Hegmatane Hill can be mentioned. Among other historical monuments of this region, you can refer to the famous writings of the Treasury. Objects that are currently kept in the Hamedan Museum belong to the Hechamenshian era.
* One of the other things to know is that this city is the grave site of some of Iran’s greatest celebrities, such as Baba Taher, Iranian poet and Iranian Arif, who lived in the fourth and fifth centuries. His tomb is now in Hamedan, and even a field named after him is in Hamedan.
*One of the other Iranian celebrities who has a tomb in Hamedan and whose fame is worldwide, Por Sina or Abu Ali Sina is an Iranian sage and scientist who is famous for his unique medical achievements. Por Sina was born in Bukhara and died in Hamedan, and that’s why his tomb was built in the same city. This tomb is one of the main tourist attractions in Hamedan nowadays.
*One of the most famous and well-known natural attractions of Hamedan is Alisadar Cave, which is located 75 km north-west of Hamedan, dating back to the Jurassic period. One of the main features of the weird but natural shape of the rocks on the roof of a cave, each of them has a specific shape and in some places they have a strange resemblance to animals. The water depth of this cave is 14 meters. Of course, in some parts of the cave, it is one of the main attractions during the trip to Hamedan.
* One of the important and growing industries in this city is agriculture. Hamedan agricultural products such as beetroot, potatoes, walnuts and grapes are some of the main agricultural products in the province. On the other hand, Hamedan Ghani is one of various mines, among which the granite, lead, silver and chalk can be mentioned.
* One of the main districts of Hamedan is Imam Square (former Pahlavi Square), which is located in the center of Hamedan. It is said that the map of the square was designed by a German architect and drew help from European styles.
* One of the most interesting things to know about Hamedan is that this city has a sister pact with four countries, which are Turkey, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Russia.

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